Types of Fish

Types of Fish

Largemouth Bass

IDENTIFICATION & FEATURES:
  • Jaw extends past the eye
  • Broad dark horizontal stripe
  • Dark green back blending into lighter green side and belly
HABITAT:
  • Found near weedbeds, logs, stumps & other sunken objects
  • Prefers warm water less than 20 ft. deep
SPAWNING:
  • Largemouth Bass reach maturity in 3-5 years
  • Spawns in late spring to early summer
  • Eggs hatch in 3-5 days
FOOD:
  • Aquatic insects, crayfish, frogs & fish
ANGLING:
  • Largemouth Bass can be caught along weedbeds & sunken objects
  • Takes surface plugs, crankbaits, spinners, spinner baits & flies
  • Caught still-fishing with worms, leeches, frogs & crayfish
Largemouth Bass

Smallmouth Bass

(Also known as black bass, brown bass & bronzeback bass)

IDENTIFICATION & FEATURES:
  • Jaw extends to mid-point of eye
  • 8-15 thin vertical bars
  • Green to golden-brown back blending into golden sides and a cream-colored belly
HABITAT:
  • Prefers cool clear water 
  • Often found near rock shoals and areas with a rocky bottom
SPAWNING:
  • Smallmouth Bass reach adulthood at 3-6 years
  • Spawns is late spring and early summer
FOOD:
  • Aquatic insects, crayfish, frogs & fish
ANGLING:
  • Takes crank baits, plugs, flies, spinners and spinner baits
  • Caught still-fishing with worms, frogs, crayfish, leeches and minnows
Smallmouth Bass

Brown Trout

(Also known as German trout)

IDENTIFICATION & FEATURES:
  • Golden brown color, paler color in the lakes
  • Brown and black spots on its sides, back, and adipose and dorsal fins
  • A few orange spots with pale haloes on its sides
HABITAT:
  • Favors slower stretches of water, eddies in rivers
  • Prefers cool clean water (65°F), but is tolerant of warmer water
SPAWNING:
  • Spawns in rivers from October to February
  • Eggs hatch in spring
  • Does not die after spawning
FOOD:
  • Feeds on insects, fish, worms and spawn
  • Surface feed more than other trout
  • Preferred feeding times are dawn and dusk
ANGLING:
  • In steams, takes wet and dry flies, worms, spawn and spinners
  • In lakes, found closer to the shore than other trout and salmon
  • Most often caught by trolling spoons
Brown Trout

Rainbow Trout

IDENTIFICATION & FEATURES:
  • Heavily spotted along side and the caudal and dorsal fins 
  • Back is green to greenish blue; sides silvery 
  • Often has a pinkish band along its sides
HABITAT:
  • Prefers cold, clean water (55°F) 
  • Found in both lakes and streams
SPAWNING:
  • Reaches adulthood in 3-5 years 
  • Mainly spawns in spring, but also enters rivers in the fall 
  • Does not die after spawning
FOOD:
  • Insects, fish and spawn
ANGLING:
  • In streams, takes wet & dry flies, worms, corn, spinners, spawn and spawn imitations
  • In lakes, may be taken with minnows, worms, spoons and plugs

Brook Trout

(Also known as speckled trout)

IDENTIFICATION & FEATURES:
  • Back is olive green to dark brown; silvery white below
  • Small well defined spots on sides
  • Anal, pelvic and pectoral fins have a white leading edge
HABITAT:
  • Found in cold, clear well-oxygenated streams and lakes
  • Prefers summer water temperatures below 68°F
SPAWNING:
  • Spawns in the fall
  • Reaches adulthood at ages 2-3
  • Spawns mainly on gravel beds in the shallows of stream headwaters
FOOD:
  • Mainly insect larvae, crustaceans, fish and worms
ANGLING:
  • Wet or dry flies, spincasting or live bait
  • Trout that most readily accepts angler’s bait
Brook Trout

Northern Pike

(Also known as great northern pike, jackfish, snake)

IDENTIFICATION & FEATURES:
  • Light oval spots on dark green becoming lighter on the side
  • Wavy dark bands on the dorsal, anal and pelvic fins 
  • Duck-like jaws 
  • Cheek fully scaled, upperhalf of opercle only scaled, 10 pores on undersides of lower jaw
HABITAT:
  • Prefers shallow, well-vegetated ares in warm water 
  • Frequently found in less than 3 ft. of water
SPAWNING:
  • Matures at 2-4 years of age 
  • Spring spawner on vegetated floodplains of rivers, marshes and bays immediately after ice-out
  • Eggs hatch in 12-14 days
FOOD:
  • Almost exclusively fish but will eat small animals
ANGLING:
  • Trolling or casting with spoons, plugs, spinners or spinner baits 
  • Still-fishing with baitfish at the edge of weed beds
Northern Pike